University entrance exams are a common practice in most European countries and even in the United States and Latin America, but the processes, requirements and exams often have great differences. Next, we show a tour of some regions in which access to higher education changes with respect to this country.
England. Contrary to Spain, in the United Kingdom no entrance exam such as the EBAU is required, only the final Baccalaureate grade would be needed, since each university establishes its own entrance requirements, which students can find on the web pages of each faculty. The note that students must obtain will depend on the prestige and demand of the center, that is, the better valued the institution is, the more score it will require for access. However, in some universities the minimum grade will be only a five to enter, while in the vast majority they require a minimum of an eight on average.
In the case of those students whose mother tongue is not English, it will be an essential requirement that they present a degree in the language that guarantees a high level, so that they can take a degree or a master’s degree, it must also be taken into account that the faculty to which you want to access can request a specific test.
In other higher education institutions with technical careers, the leaders may require students to have previously studied a specific subject such as mathematics or physics. In addition, due to Brexit, citizens of the European Union must apply for a visa to study for more than six months.
France. In this country, those international students who want to go to university will only need to have a Baccalaureate degree under their arm. In this sense, it is the academic centers themselves that are free to assess applicants through a written and oral comprehension test of the French language. In France there is one of the most demanding universities, according to the QS World University ranking, Université PSL where students must obtain a grade higher than 83.8 out of 100 in the entrance exams to pursue their studies.
Germany. The German educational system is famous around the world for its rigor and demand. For this reason, young people who want to go to university in this country will have to compulsorily meet a series of requirements, such as having a Baccalaureate degree; pass the university entrance exams and, most importantly, have at least a B2 level in German. However, some races may ask for a C1 or C2. In order to demonstrate this knowledge, they must do so through two Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang ausländischer Studienbewerber (DSH) tests, which can only be taken at German universities, or Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache (TestDaF), which can be taken in any EU country. .
On the other hand, if you opt for a more international university degree, you will have to prove sufficient knowledge of English. However, students should bear in mind that universities may ask for specific requirements and this will depend on the degree to which they want to enter. For example, the conditions for access to a career in architecture are very different from those for a degree in philosophy. That is why it is necessary, once the career or careers of interest have been identified, to consult the corresponding specific requirements for access.
Netherlands. To enter Dutch universities it is necessary to have a Baccalaureate degree, although it is also common for them to request the EBAU grade. Generally, universities in this country do not ask for such high grades, however they do require that students have taken certain subjects to enter careers such as engineering or science. Something extremely essential is to have a certification in English with a minimum score.
Austria. As in other EU countries, it is essential to have approved the selectivity in the country of origin, to have a German language accreditation and for certain careers students are required to have studied specific subjects and have basic knowledge. Those students who seek to carry out their studies in this country must send the application directly to the university to which they aspire.
Italy. The selectivity in this country is known as “maturità”, this exam is carried out in each educational center, although it is unified for the entire country, it consists of an oral and a written part. For international students, Italy requires a valid completion certificate and qualification to attend university in the country of origin. They should be aware that several degree programs are only offered in Italian, and may require proof of knowledge in the language through a certified test in order to be accepted into the program.
Norway. The Nordic country is a highly acclaimed destination for students thanks to its high level of university education. The first requirement for international students who plan to study in this country is to have previously completed their Baccalaureate education with a level equivalent to that taught by the schools of the Nordic country. In addition to the above, students from certain countries may be required to have completed a minimum of one year of university studies, such as Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and the United States.
On the other hand, it is a basic requirement for people from a country where English is not the official language to present a certificate of proficiency in the language, since most of the studies in Norway are in English.
USA. Universities and colleges usually request the results of one of the US standardized tests, the most popular test for international students is The ACT test, which is divided into two sections: math and reading (critical/writing).
All questions are in multiple choice format. It has a duration of 65 minutes for the written and reading part, and 80 minutes for the math section and during this evaluation the use of the calculator is only allowed for 55 minutes. North American universities require a high school completion certificate and a good level of English, almost all universities request to have passed the TOEFL. Apart from this, each institution may request specific requirements for each degree.